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Gemstone Guide

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Aquamarine

A pale-blue to a light-green variety of beryl, which also includes morganite, yellow beryl and emerald. It is also the birthstone for March and is the gemstone for the 19th wedding anniversary.

Carnelian

Carnelian is a brownish-red mineral that is a variety of chalcedony. The colour of carnelian varies ranging from pale orange to an intense almost-black coloration, depending on the mineral composition.

Cat's Eye Stone

The chrysoberyl stone exhibits chatoyancy which is formed from fibrous inclusions or cavities within the stone. This chatoyancy allows the stone to resemble a cat's eye.

Ceramic

A hard, brittle, heat-resistant and corrosion-resistant material made by shaping and then firing a non-metallic mineral, such as clay, at a high temperature

Chalcedony

Chalcedony is the form of Quartz. It occurs in many different forms, colours, and patterns, and many varieties have been used as gemstones. It is often found in describe translucent white , grey or blue hues.

Citrine

Citrine is the yellow variety of quartz, and its name comes from the Old French word for lemon. Along with topaz, citrine is a birthstone for November. It is also recognised as the gem that honours the 13th anniversary.

Cubic Zirconia

A simulated diamond that is hard and made in a variety of colours. The round CZs in Fei Liu silver jewellery is set with 8 hearts and 8 arrows cut, which has 28 more facets than a brilliant diamond to illuminate a brighter sparkle.

Fei Liu Yellow and White Neckpiece.

Diamond

Diamonds are the hardest material on earth. It is recognised as the birthstone for April. Diamond is also the gem that marks the 60th and 75th wedding anniversaries.

Emerald

Emerald is the bluish green to green variety of the mineral beryl. It is the birthstone for the month of May. It’s also the gem of the twentieth and 35th wedding anniversaries.

Garnet

Garnet is best known as a red gem but comes in a rich palette of colours, such as green, orange and pink. It is the birthstone for January and the gem for the second anniversary.

Jade

Jade is a semi-precious gemstone. It is typically a green hues, although may be yellow or white. Due to it toughness jade can be carved into many desired ornaments. Jade is the official gem for the 12th anniversary.

Kunzite

Kunzite is a faint pink to delicate purplish-pink gemstone of the mineral spodumene. It's named after famed gemmologist George Frederick Kunz. It is also considered to be an alternate birthstone for February.

Lapis Lazuli

Lapis lazuli is typically a blue-coloured rock with tiny golden flecks. The colours of lapis range from a medium, greyish blue to intense, royal blue, to deep indigo, with varying amounts of white and brassy gold from calcite and pyrite inclusions.

Malachite

Malachite is a popular mineral with its intense green colour and beautiful banded masses. Its streaks range from light green to dark green. Dense banded specimens are often sliced and polished to bring out their beautiful colouring and patterns.

Moonstone

Moonstone is prized for its blue to white adularescence. Adularescence is the light that appears to billow across a gemstone, giving its surface a glowing appearance.

Mother of Pearl

Mother of pearl commonly used to refer to the nacre. Nacre is an iridescent material composed of calcium carbonate. The difference between pearls and mother of pearl is placement, with the latter being formed on the inner linings of a shell.

Nephrite

Nephrite is one of the two minerals commonly known as jade. Its hue range between translucent white to green. Whilst nephrite doesn't match the variety or the imperial green colours found in jade, it is more durable as a gem.

Onyx

A parallel banded variety of chalcedony (the other being agate). The colours of its bands range from black to white. Onyx, as a descriptive term, has also been applied to parallel banded varieties of marble, calcite and opal

Opal

Opal is one of the world's most popular gemstones and the birthstone for the month of October. A nice precious opal can flash every colour of the spectrum with intensity.

Pearl

Pearl is a lustrous gemstone found in oyster shells. It comes in a variety of shapes and colours. Peal is the birthstone for June and the gem of the 30th wedding anniversary.

Peridot

Peridot is also known as chrysolite. It is deep yellowish-green colour gemstone. Peridot is the birthstone of August and the gemstone for the 15th wedding anniversary.

Quartz

Quartz is one of the most common and varied minerals on earth, and its bountiful colours produce many gemstone types, such as amethyst and citrine. Various impurities are responsible for the extensive range of colours

Rock Crystal

Rock crystal or ice crystal is a transparent variety of quartz that is valued for its clarity and total lack of colour or flaws. It derives from the Greek word "krystallos" meaning "ice".

Ruby

The ruby is a highly regarded gemstone. It's ruby redness depends on how much chromium is present—the more chromium, the stronger the red colour. Ruby is the birthstone for July and the gem for the 40th wedding anniversary.

Sapphire

Sapphire is best known as a blue gem but comes in hues of violet, green, yellow, orange, pink and purple. It is the birthstone of September and the gem of the 45th and 65th wedding anniversaries.

Smoky Quartz

Smoky quartz is a brownish grey, translucent variety of quartz. It’s a silicone dioxide crystal with a transparency that ranges from completely clear to opaque. Smoky quartz has a vitreous lustre and a hexagonal crystal system.

Tanzanite

Tanzanite is the blue and violet variety of the mineral zoisite. It is the birthstone for December, along with zircon, turquoise and blue topaz. Tanzanite is also the gem for a 24th anniversary.

Topaz

Topaz has a wide colour range that includes hues of blue, orange, pink and much more. It is a birthstone for November and blue topaz is a birthstone for December. Blue topaz is the gem of the 4th anniversary and Imperial topaz is the gem of the 23rd anniversary.

Tourmaline

Tourmaline comes in a variety of colours. These colours are produced by the composition of minerals, such as iron and manganese. Tourmaline is a birthstone for October, along with opal. Tourmaline is also the gem of the eighth anniversary.

Fei Liu bespoke Kingfisher Earrings. Winner of the The International Platinum Jewellery Design Lonmin Innovation Award.

Turquoise

Turquoise is defined by its vivid shades of azure sky and egg blue. It is the traditional birthstone for the month of December and the gem of the 11th wedding anniversary.